Home > Physical Health > Understanding Migraines

Understanding Migraines

By: Beth Morrisey MLIS - Updated: 25 Jan 2011 | comments*Discuss
 
Migraines Headaches Symptoms Traits

A migraine is a very specific type of headache which often begins occurring in the teen years. It has particular symptoms associated with it and tends to affect people who share a number of common traits. Scientists and doctors still don’t understand exactly why migraines happen. Typical migraines last between four and 12 hours. There are ways to prevent migraines, and a couple of ways to treat them. If you believe you experience migraine headaches, don’t hesitate to consult your GP.

Symptoms of Migraine Headaches

People who experience migraines will often come to recognise specific symptoms which warn them of a coming headache or accompany this kind of headache. Most migraine sufferers describe them as throbbing headaches, either on one or both sides of the head. Other symptoms commonly include:
  • Sensitivity to light (often wanting to escape to a dark space).
  • Sensitivity to sound (often seeking a quiet space).
  • Sensitivity to physical activity (even shaking the head can hurt).
  • Nausea and/or vomiting.
  • Prodrome (fatigue, hunger or anxiety before migraines occur).
  • Aura (affected sight, hearing, smell or taste prior to headache).
  • Sensations of tingling, dizziness, numbness or weakness (often in arms or legs).
  • Exhaustion following headache.

Traits of Individuals Affected by Migraines

People who are affected by migraines often share a number of traits. These individuals are often:
  • Women (possibly due to hormonal associations).
  • Relatives of others who experience migraines (possibly due to genetic link).
  • Able to trace their migraines back to childhood or their teen years.
  • Consistently tired and/or under stress.
  • Taking oral contraceptives (hormonal birth control pills).
  • Known to have a neurological condition.
  • Survivors of a head injury.

Preventing Migraine Headaches

Not every migraine sufferer can prevent headaches, but some can. After a while many migraine sufferers are able to determine if there are triggers which bring on their headaches. Common migraine triggers which can be avoided, thus preventing headaches, include:
  • Caffeine (having too much or too little, for example in fizzy drinks).
  • Chocolate (due to chemicals which can affect blood flow in the brain).
  • Food containing tyramine (cheeses, meats, yeast, coffee, bananas, eggs, oranges and more).
  • Foods containing sulfites (particularly preserved foods).
  • Foods containing MSG (a flavour enhancer).
  • Sudden, significant changes in stress levels, sleep patterns, hormones, pain relief medications.

Treating Migraine Headaches

When you suffer from migraines you have two main ways to treat them: abortive medicines and preventative medicines. Abortive medicines are those which you take when you experience a migraine, usually just after experiencing an aura or at the first signs of your headache. These medicines can be over the counter or by prescription. Preventative medicines are those which you take daily in order to keep migraines from occurring. People who take preventative medicines tend to have frequently occurring migraine, little relief from or side effects to abortive medicines, or migraines which include unusual or severe neurological symptoms.

Talking to Your GP About Migraines

If you believe you suffer from migraines, talk to your GP immediately. There is no need to suffer from crippling headaches when you can learn how to prevent them and/or find effective treatments. Always be sure to consult your GP if:
  • Your headache symptoms change, become more frequent or more intense.
  • You begin to experience neurological symptoms like dizziness, numbness or weakness.
  • Your headaches no longer respond to your chosen medication or type of treatment.
  • Your headaches begin to interfere with your life (school, social life, studying, etc).
  • Your headaches are the result of a head injury.
  • You suffer from confusion before or after your headaches.

Migraines affect a great many people and often begin during adolescence. If you suspect you suffer from migraines then recognising the symptoms of them and the traits of people commonly affected by them, understanding how to prevent them, how to treat them and when to talk to your GP about your headaches are all important to taking care of your health.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • TeenIssues
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    Nickname - Your Question:I'm 13 I've been selfharming for 2 years on and of I started in year 7 buy cutting my wrist my mum sore…
    18 September 2017
  • Nickname
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    I'm 13 I've been selfharming for 2 years on and of I started in year 7 buy cutting my wrist my mum sore it and my sisster I got…
    16 September 2017
  • Sahara
    Re: Straight Facts on Smoking
    Hi, I have a friend that started smoking a few weeks ago. I really don't won't him to continue. And i don't won't to tell his parents…
    14 September 2017
  • TeenIssues
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    Shmurdysadd - Your Question:Hey I'm 27 years old and I never really cut myself but I've taken large amouths of pills when I was…
    14 September 2017
  • Mouse
    Re: How to Deal with Pressure From Parents
    @Coco - do you have time to even sleep. This is really unfair too. You should go on strike until your mum will…
    14 September 2017
  • Mouse
    Re: How to Deal with Pressure From Parents
    @Comrade Eric - I can understand your parents not letting you out until your homework is done. But not letting you go…
    14 September 2017
  • TeenIssues
    Re: All about Abortion
    Holliex - Your Question:I am on the contraceptive pill and have been for 3 years and I came on my 7 day break. However when the 7 day break was…
    14 September 2017
  • Shmurdysadd
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    Hey I'm 27 years old and I never really cut myself but I've taken large amouths of pills when I was younger and one time filled…
    13 September 2017
  • Coco
    Re: How to Deal with Pressure From Parents
    My mom makes me play piano 1hr a day plus 1 hr lessons every week, 1 hr Chinese classes every day and 3 hr Chinese…
    13 September 2017
  • Comrade Eric
    Re: How to Deal with Pressure From Parents
    Im in IB so I always have homework. Which in itself is fine but my parents dont understand why my homework is never…
    13 September 2017
Further Reading...
Our Most Popular...
Add to my Yahoo!
Add to Google
Stumble this
Add to Twitter
Add To Facebook
RSS feed
You should seek independent professional advice before acting upon any information on the TeenIssues website. Please read our Disclaimer.