Home > Physical Health > Understanding Epilepsy

Understanding Epilepsy

By: Beth Morrisey MLIS - Updated: 17 Jan 2013 | comments*Discuss
 
Epilepsy epileptic seizures

Epilepsy is a disorder of the nervous system. It is usually diagnosed after someone suffers from two seizures, or episodes in which there is sudden electrical activity in the brain. Often this activity results in uncontrollable body movements or convulsions, but some seizures may be so small that they aren't even recognised by the person experiencing them. When these seizures are logged and recognised to be recurrent, epilepsy is usually diagnosed.

What are Seizures?

Seizures are the outward sign of epilepsy. Most people know them as convulsions, but seizures are actually a change of sensation or awareness, as well as behaviour, brought about by a disturbance in the electrical signals the cells of the brain send to each other. In addition to convulsions, seizures can also be short periods of unconsciousness or "blacking out," or simply staring spells. Sometimes people with epilepsy experience only one type of seizure, but it is possible that they can experience multiple types as well.

What Causes Epilepsy?

Some seizures are isolated incidences, which means that they are directly related to situations such as low blood sugar, kidney failure or drugs. These seizures are not recurrent and thus are not considered epilepsy. Sometimes epilepsy can be traced to a stroke or injury to the brain, and infectious disease or a degenerative disease such as Alzheimers. All of these causes can disturb the electrical activity of the brain and result in seizures. There are also cases in which the cause of epilepsy is unknown.

How Is Epilepsy Treated?

Treatment for epilepsy is usually via anti-seizure medication. Over 70% of Britons with epilepsy successfully treat it with these drugs, which means that these people with epilepsy do not experience further seizures. An alternate route that is becoming more popular is to also use complementary or alternative therapies to manage seizures. Though no studies can prove the usefulness of these treatments, or their success rates, some people find that seizures are managed following:

  • Acupuncture
  • Aromatherapy
  • Herbs
  • Homeopathy
Although complementary therapies are not an alternative to anti-epileptic drugs - it is important that they are used alongside conventional drug treatment. Complementary therapies may help some people, for example by reducing stress or by giving people a sense of control, but are unlikely to manage seizures on their own.

Dealing with Epilepsy in Daily Life

If you or someone you know is diagnosed with epilepsy, there is no reason that daily life should change due to this disorder. If you or your friend experience a seizure, it is important to:

  • Remain calm.
  • Move furniture or other items out of the way.
  • Do not attempt to restrain someone in the middle of convulsions.
  • Do not attempt to get someone to "snap out" of unconsciousness or staring.
  • Do not make allow anyone to feel embarrassed over something they have no control over.
Almost 500,000 Britons have epilepsy. There is nothing shameful about epilepsy or having seizures, and the more friends and family of people with epilepsy understand this the more easily and efficiently seizures can be dealt with. If you are someone you know is diagnosed with epilepsy, remember that there is no reason this should interfere with the present or the future - so don't let it!

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • TeenIssues
    Re: All about Abortion
    Melody - Your Question:Me and my boyfriend have been together for half a year and he decided to finger me whih I agreed too.however he had…
    26 May 2017
  • Melody
    Re: All about Abortion
    Me and my boyfriend have been together for half a year and he decided to finger me whih I agreed too.however he had recently touched himself…
    25 May 2017
  • Missy
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    @Aoneill 21 - if you feel this way, then it is important you seek help and some support :(
    24 May 2017
  • sai
    Re: How to Deal with Pressure From Parents
    I have faced the problem in my 12 grade by my parents, he hurt me by kicking me. My New Year 2017 was spoiled by…
    21 May 2017
  • Aoneill 21
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    I can't stop self-harming I have been doing it for 6 year's and can't stop no friends i'm scared of life ??????
    20 May 2017
  • TeenIssues
    Re: Let's Talk About Sex
    JennyJelly - Your Question:I have just turned 16 - the legal age. My boyfriend and I have been together for to years so we are very committed…
    19 May 2017
  • TeenIssues
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    JennyJelly - Your Question:Ever since I was little I would scratch until I bleed, sometime it was because I was scared or nervous…
    19 May 2017
  • JennyJelly
    Re: Let's Talk About Sex
    I have just turned 16 - the legal age. My boyfriend and I have been together for to years so we are very committed and in love. He wants to…
    18 May 2017
  • JennyJelly
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    Ever since I was little I would scratch until I bleed, sometime it was because I was scared or nervous but mostly I'd just do it…
    18 May 2017
  • SurferGirl
    Re: Coping with a Crush
    @MagicalFruits - it sounds as though he likes you especially if he was staring at you. But it depends on what way he was staring at you - as…
    17 May 2017
Further Reading...
Our Most Popular...
Add to my Yahoo!
Add to Google
Stumble this
Add to Twitter
Add To Facebook
RSS feed
You should seek independent professional advice before acting upon any information on the TeenIssues website. Please read our Disclaimer.