Home > Physical Health > Understanding Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes

By: Beth Morrisey MLIS - Updated: 18 Aug 2010 | comments*Discuss
 
Diabetes diabetes Type I diabetes Type

Diabetes is a condition in which a person's blood sugar remains too high because the body can not use up all of the glucose that it produces and consumes. Glucose is naturally made in the liver, and it is also a by-product of the digestion of foods high in starch and sugar. Usually insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas, would help glucose be burned as fuel by the body's cells, but in diabetics this insulin is either absent (Type I diabetes), too little to cope with the amount of glucose in the blood (Type II diabetes) or does not work properly (Type II diabetes). Currently there are over 2 million Britons living with diabetes.

What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes?

There are several common symptoms for both Type I and Type II diabetes. Not all people suffering from diabetes will experience all of these symptoms, those with Type I will usually find that these symptoms come up quickly and obviously, often within only the last few weeks. Those with Type II diabetes may not notice any symptoms, or may feel that they have been around for a while and didn't add up to anything important. These symptoms include:

  • Excessive thirst.
  • Excessive need to urinate, particularly at night.
  • Tiredness and listlessness.
  • Weight loss, even if appetite remains the same or increases.
  • Thrush or genital itching.
  • Blurred vision.
  • An increased healing time for cuts, scratches and scrapes.
  • Irritability or short temper.
  • Cramps or constipation (more common for Type II diabetes).

How is Diabetes Diagnosed?

Diabetes can be diagnosed relatively easily by two simple tests. The first test measures glucose in the urine. If an excessive amount of glucose is found in the urine, a blood test will then be performed in order to measure the amount of glucose in the blood.

How is Diabetes Treated?

There is no cure for diabetes, but there are effective treatments available for both types. Those with Type I diabetes are often called insulin dependent diabetics because they must administer synthetic insulin to themselves, usually by daily injections or via an insulin pump. Type II diabetes can be more readily controlled with a change of diet, though some medication may be prescribed if results are not obtained to a satisfactory standard.

Though there is no cure for diabetes, there are treatments available which allow all diabetics to lead happy, full lives. In addition to any treatments recommended by your GP, anyone with or worried about diabetes should take care to eat a healthy, balanced diet, take plenty of regular exercise and get enough rest every night. Cutting out smoking, drinking to excess and doing drugs are also essential to good health. With just a few changes to their daily routines, those with diabetes can continue on with life as normal.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • kiss
    Re: Fostering and Adopting - Teenagers
    Hi, I am 19 year old, am actually from West Africa (sierra Leone). I can't say it all of how am feeling now, but the truth…
    29 October 2020
  • justme
    Re: Coping With Strict Parents
    Wow it makes me sad seeing others passing through the same things. I have a phone, im allowed to use it when I want but my dad…
    22 October 2020
  • BenCsusza
    Re: Coping With Strict Parents
    So yeah. I am 14 years old, i think i have really strict parents too. Especially when it comes to school grades. So i live in Europe…
    22 October 2020
  • Lexi
    Re: Coping With Strict Parents
    i live with my grandma and she is very strict she always wants me to wear what she wants not just that but i am not allowed to wear a…
    22 October 2020
  • Hitchm
    Re: How to Deal with Pressure From Parents
    Hi i just wanted to share my problems. I am in a current situation right now that i want to cry everday because my…
    22 October 2020
  • Metal head
    Re: Coping With Strict Parents
    I can relate to some stuff y’all are saying I’m 15. I have always used the excuse why my moms so strict is because “she’s a social…
    14 October 2020
  • jellybeann
    Re: Coping With Strict Parents
    yall i pray god makes a way to make this shii better if an of yall wanna contact me my gram is @vvvs_backup
    14 October 2020
  • Turtle
    Re: Warning Signs of Self Harming
    Hi... I'm in year 7 and I self-harm. I've tried self-harming a year before now, with sharp plastic, however, I stopped doing that…
    11 October 2020
  • Esther
    Re: Coping With Strict Parents
    Please respond if any of you guys have it as bad as i do (at 13 years old it's hard) 1. we absolutely do not celebrate Halloween 2.…
    8 October 2020
  • help
    Re: How to Deal with Pressure From Parents
    i am at the point where i just don't know what to do anymore. it probably sounds so stupid but i just feel way too…
    6 October 2020